Taking pictures is easy and anyone can do it actually. But if you want to make it to the next level, it is better for you to learn the types of shot in photography.
This type of shots in photography is also applied in TV Broadcasting and video production. Let’s see each of them and learn their uses too:
1. Long Shot (LS) or Wide Shot (WS)
This type of shot includes almost everything that can fill your camera’s frame. From the name itself, it means you must take the shot as wide as possible.
Uses: Wide shot is used to establish the scene. It gives the general view of the place. In telling a story, WS is used first to show the audience where the setting is. In landscape photography, it is also used to show beautiful scenes such as mountain ranges, sea shore, trees etc.
2. Medium Shot
The “in between” in the types of shot in photography is called the Medium shot. If the wide shot includes almost everything, Medium shot frames the scene closer. If your wide shot is a mountain ranges scene, a photo of a single mountain from that place is then considered a Medium shot.
Uses: Medium Shots are used to show things closer than the wide shot. When a person is photographed in front of a building, we might want to take a look at that person more so we come closer to him or her and then take his or her whole body shot. In the situation, that persons whole body shot is considered a Medium shot.
3. Close up Shot or Tight Shot
Here we come to the most detailed one in the types of shot in photography. In wide shot, we wanted to show the place as wide as possible to include everything in our camera’s frame. It is on the other way around in close up shot. In this type of shot, we wanted to capture some details of a scene. Therefore we come to a certain subject and just focus on a particular detail that we wanted to capture.
Uses: Tight shots are used to show details. From a whole body of a person, we might want to show who that person is by framing only the face. The shot of the face of that person is then considered a close up shot. In architecture photography, those arts made in the building posts are the close up shots. Photographers wanted to show those details so they just focused on those parts of a post.
So how wide is long shot then and how tight is close up shot? We’ll there is no exact measurement really. How wide or tight your shots are is relative. It depends upon your point of reference. Let’s just use our example a while ago. If our scene is a building with a person standing in front of it, that scene then is considered a Long shot. Coming closer and taking the whole body shot of that person, that photo then is the Medium shot. And if finally you said hi to that person and took a shot of his or her face, that photo then is the close up shot.
In photojournalism, this types of shot in photography is used in telling a story. It’s good to start from general to specific so it’s good to start from the Long Shot to establish the scene, then go to the medium shots and then close up shots to show more details.
This types of shot in photography is also essential in photo documentation. In a wedding photography for example, it’s good to capture different kinds of shot to add variation in the photos.
Knowing this types of shot in photography is useful in many ways. If you will do things in video productions like script for video, storyboard and what not, your knowledge of the types of shot in photography will also come in to play.